Friday, 3 August 2012

File and Registry ICEs - MSI Validation


ICE04 checks to make sure that all files have sequence numbers that make sense when compared to the information in the Media table. It finds the largest LastSequence value in the Media table, and makes sure that the value for the Sequence column in every row of the File table is less than this value.


ICE30 checks that the same file is never installed in the same directory by two
different components in the same Installer package (doing so would break the reference counting scheme of the Installer). It considers both long and short file names, and looks at what will happen if Condition columns evaluate to either true or false.


ICE33 validates that all entries in the Registry table should be in that table. Some Registry information should be made through the more specialized tables in order to support advertisement and install-on-demand. This includes information that belongs in the Extension, ProgId, Verb, MIME, Class, Typelib and AppId tables. If this ICE detects any problems it will tell you which entries you should move and which tables you should move them to.


ICE42 inspects rows in the Class table for InprocServer32 Registry entries. It
makes sure that these rows do not refer to an .exe file in the File table, because inprocess servers must be .dll files.


ICE49 inspects the data type of default Registry entries (those with a null in the Name column). Such entries must use the REG_SZ data type.


ICE53 presents a warning if the Registry table tries to modify the Installer policy by writing to keys underneath Software\Policies\Microsoft\Installer.
Any changes made to these keys are better made by setting the values of the properties that control the Installer’s actions.


ICE60 looks at file version information in the File table. If a file is not a font and it has a version, then it must also have a language. If you ignore warnings from this ICE, then repairs will tend to reinstall files needlessly. That’s because the file on disk will always have a language, even if the entry in the File table does not. The Installer will see this as the installed language not matching the language in the package, and so will reinstall the file.


ICE70 checks Registry entries that write integers to make sure that the integers are specified properly. For example, ##5 or #x12A4 are valid, but #zzy27 is not.

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